The main measure that we can carry out for prevention is sun protection.
Ultraviolet radiation from the sun is the main risk factor that we can control (we cannot control our genetic factors or other factors), which is why it is vitally important to keep it in mind and incorporate photoprotection measures into our daily lives.
It may seem obvious, but the sun not only affects us when we go to the beach, the sun is in the sky and affects us every day, when we go for a walk, play sports, relax on a bar terrace, in the mountains, practicing snow sports, etc. Many people think that they protect themselves because they use sunscreen when they go to the beach, but it is important not to forget other situations in which we expose ourselves to the sun without being aware of it.
In addition to using sun protection creams, it is important to think about other measures, such as clothing to cover ourselves, the use of a hat, sunglasses, an umbrella on the beach, etc. As for creams, it is important to use a high or very high photoprotection (50 or 50+), which protects from both UVB and UVA radiation. Recently, most pharmaceutical companies have already incorporated UVA protection, which is symbolized on the product packaging by a UVA surrounded by a circle. When we see this symbol we will know that the cream contains at least 50% UVA protection than the protection factor indicated on the packaging. For example, a photoprotective cream 50 that has the UVA circle has 50 protection against UVB and at least 25 protection against UVA. It is important to apply an adequate amount of product and reapply every 2 hours or after bathing.
Another form of prevention is to make an early diagnosis. Although in this way we do not prevent skin cancer from appearing, we can diagnose it in time and prevent its growth and possible complications. People with a high number of moles, with skin that has received solar radiation for many years or with a family history of melanoma, it is advisable that they carry out periodic check-ups with their dermatologist and consult quickly in the event of any suspicious lesion.